Emerging Strategies in the Prevention of Domestic Violence
Several preventive programs oftentimes concentrate on preventing recidivism and not on the underlying impetuses that culminate into domestic violence. The Future of Children’s authors address how organizations can implement “[p]ublic health campaigns to eliminate health risks and to encourage healthy behaviors among particular segments of a population,” while concurrently proposing several theories relating to these causes. The Future of Children also describes certain preventive measures that can be taken within four “life stages” that range from youth to adulthood. In addition to these stages, there are three levels of steps taken to prevent violence that occurs before, during early signs, and after clear indications of domestic violence.
Wolfe, David A. and Peter G. Jaffe. “Emerging Strategies in the Prevention of Domestic Violence.” The Future of Children: Domestic Violence and Children. Vol. 9. No. 3. 1999. Web. July 2014. <http://futureofchildren.org/futureofchildren/publications/docs/09_03_9.pdf>.
Study on ‘Collection of methods, tools and good practices in the field of domestic violence (area D of Beijing Platform for Action)’
In a study conducted by the Europe Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), statistics related to area D of the Beijing Platform for Action were gathered as part of a 1995 UN conference focused on promoting the advancement of women. More specifically, the study was carried out “in order to identify, collect and systematise the resources and information on training in dealing with domestic violence, awareness-raising and victims support services; identify gaps and needs; and provide recommendations for further development.” Among the various forms of violence prevention, raising awareness remains fundamental as it allows for greater support and a sense of urgency to deal with domestic violence. The study itself claims that “[a]wareness-raising campaigns are recognised as the most efficient and effective means of communicating information especially to the general public.” Although the study contains data concentrated only within the European continent, the EIGE highlights the qualities of a good awareness-raising campaign, as evidenced by four organizations they bring to light.
Europe Institute for Gender Equality. “Study on ‘Collection of methods, tools and good practices in the field of domestic violence (area D of Beijing Platform for Action)’.” Web. 1 July 2014. <http://eige.europa.eu/sites/default/files/EIGE-DOMESTIC-VIOLENCE-AWARENESS-RAISING.pdf>.
Preventing Family Violence: Community Engagement Makes the Difference
This publication goes beyond a general overview of what can be done to curb violence overall. It highlights several projects and initiatives that have demonstrated success in fostering community involvement to combat domestic violence. The Family Violence Prevention Fund (FVPF) released this publication in 2002, so methods in prevention may have changed in the past decade; nevertheless, the source remains invaluable. After delineating the five main goals that must be met to prevent family violence, FVPF presents the potential “Strengths and Challenges” of each goal. For instance, “Connecting Community Residents to Services” states that these goals are in some cases idealistic in scope. An important part of addressing the roots of family violence is providing the community with a safe platform to discuss family violence, enabling individuals to feel comfortable enough “to talk about violence in households, which is often seen as a private issue.” This dialogue aids in raising awareness about the taboos surrounding domestic violence and promotes taking further action.
Fullwood, P. Catlin. “Preventing Family Violence: Community Engagement Makes the Difference.” Family Violence Prevention Fund. San Francisco, CA. September 2002. Web. 1 July 2014. <http://www.futureswithoutviolence.org/userfiles/file/ImmigrantWomen/PFV-Community%20Engagement.pdf>.
Taking Action to Prevent Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence: Creating Statewide Prevention Plans
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) presents intimate partner violence and sexual violence as public health concerns that warrant immediate action. The CDC introduces two major programs that focus on domestic violence prevention: Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancement and Leadership Through Alliances (DELTA) and Enhancing and Making Programs and Outcomes Work to End Rape (EMPOWER). Several states throughout the U.S. participate in these two programs, each with their own approach and outcomes. Each state’s DELTA or EMPOWER program takes into consideration the challenges and various aspects of creating and implementing its plans. The CDC outlines how these programs receive their funding and how these funds are used. The statewide programs assess existing systems while taking into account diversity and social ecology as it pertains to the individual and society as a whole.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Taking Action to Prevent Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence: Creating Statewide Prevention Plans.” Atlanta, GA. 2013. Web. 25 July 2014. <http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/creating-statewide-prevention-plans2-a.pdf>.
Promoting Positive Father Involvement: A Strategy to Prevent Intimate Partner Violence in the Next Generation
Based in Alberta, Canada, Shift: The Project to End Domestic Violence describes the impact an involved father can have on his children, as well as the detrimental effects that negative fathering brings. Forms of intimate partner violence (IPV) can result in an unfortunate cycle of abuse, with future generations regarding IPV as “appropriate, justifiable, and deserved, and that aggressive behavior can be a useful way of achieving certain goals.” The authors describe certain existing programs that target various types of fathers, identifying key components that lead to their success. Concluding with recommendations for programs, the authors stress the importance of amicably sharing responsibilities for divorcing parents, increases in research, government support, and an end to corporal punishment due to its detrimental effects.
Cooper, Merrill, et al. “Promoting Positive Father Involvement: A Strategy to Prevent Intimate Partner Violence in the Next Generation.” Shift: The Project to End Domestic Violence. September 2013. Web. July 2014. <http://preventdomesticviolence.ca/sites/default/files/research-files/Promoting%20Positive%20Father%20Involvement.pdf>.