The Future of Restorative Justice

The Past, Present, and Future of Restorative Justice: Some Critical Reflections (p. 18-29)

Kathleen Daly and Russ Immarigeon are two experts with extensive backgrounds in criminal and restorative justice who outline the definition of restorative justice in this piece. While the entire paper is interesting, the points on pages 18-29 differ from other sources as they explain what must happen in order to ensure the survival of restorative justice. Daly and Immarigeon state that restorative justice will not replace current justice practices, but will gradually be integrated into the overall system. In order for restorative justice to flourish, it needs “more precise terms” and should “promise less.” The document Unlocking Prisons (referred to in the WorldLink Reader section on Restorative Justice around the World) is facing such critiques. Without implementing the methods, the public will not see results. Thus, by using better terminology and being able to demonstrate and measure success, restorative justice will have a better chance to survive.

Daly, Kathleen and Russ Immarigeon. “The Past, Present, and Future of Restorative Justice: Some Critical Reflections.” The Contemporary Justice Review. 1998. p. 18-29. Web. July 2014. < _past_present_future_of-_rj.pdf>.


How to stop Libya becoming another Iraq

Over the course of eight months in 2011, a civil war raged in Libya. The rebels wanted to overthrow Gaddafi, the Revolutionary Chairman of the Libyan Arab Republic in the 1970s and the de facto leader of Libya until the Libyan Civil War. After the overthrow of Gaddafi in 2011, post-war violence erupted across Libya. Najla Elmangoush, dean of Centre of Gender Studies at the Libya Institute for Advanced Studies, and Michael Shank, adjunct faculty at George Mason University’s School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution, wrote this piece, which describes the situation in Libya and also explains how it can become stable. The authors suggest using restorative justice in the form of conversations between tribal leaders and to reconsider the “system started by Gaddafi.” They note, however, that it is “no small task” because “there are hundreds of militia groups.” With current “political dialogue initiatives” engaging Libyan actors, the conversation has already began. Now, as the article states, they must “address human rights violations” and determine how they can move toward forgiveness and violence prevention. It is important to keep in mind that this article was written in June 2014, when violence in Libya appeared to be escalating.

Shank, Michael and Najla Elmangoush. “How to stop Libya becoming another Iraq.” CNN World. 26 June 2014. Web. July 2014. <>.


The Future of Restorative Justice — Control, Co-option, and Co-operation (p. 11-16)

Kim Workman gave this speech at the 2008 Restorative Justice Aotearoa Conference. Restorative Justice Aotearoa is an association that is at the forefront of integrating restorative practices into the criminal justice system within New Zealand. Workman lives in New Zealand where he has worked as a public servant, a member of the police force, and is currently the Director of Rethinking Crime and Punishment. Workman has extensive experience in studying restorative methods and implementing them in various communities around the world. In this speech, he focuses on establishing restorative justice as the norm, instead of just an option. Workman brings out his new ideas in pages 11-16, highlighting where restorative justice should go. He acknowledges that “powerful champions” who are able to present restorative justice concisely and accurately are a vital factor in spreading an understanding of the challenging concepts. Perhaps the most interesting part of his speech is his “wider application” of restorative justice, where he describes how it can be used in numerous settings—even through parole systems. Workman ends his speech by talking about the health benefits of restorative justice, and reiterates that the cost of peace is high, but the reward is the “potential to transform.”

Workman, Kim. “The Future of Restorative Justice — Control, Co-option, and Co-operation.” 2008. p. 11-16. Web. July 2014. < The_Future_of_Restorative_Justice.pdf>.

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