Medical Treatment of Victims of Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence and Its Applicability to Victims of Human Trafficking
In this guide developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the authors analyze medical treatments for victims of sexual assault, domestic violence, and human trafficking. The guide states that these different types of violence lead to similar health consequences. These commonalities include unhealthy weight loss, sexually transmitted infections, and broken bones. Aware of the fact that both domestic violence and human trafficking are considerably underreported in healthcare settings, the authors address the current standard medical programs and stress the important role protocols and procedures play in evidential examination. The source suggests that a crucial step towards healing is providing quality care from the very beginning of therapy. This guide addresses the issue of marginal areas when implementing medical services such as funding, healthcare, and training, advocating for more attention on this widely ignored area.
Williamson, Erin, et al. “Medical Treatment of Victims of Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence and Its Applicability to Victims of Human Trafficking.” U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Web. 9 July 2014. <http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/humantrafficking/sa-dv/index.pdf>.
Healing the Hurt (Ch. 5: Medical Services)
The effects of torture are severe, bringing life-long mental and physical difficulties and pain to the survivors. The Center for Victims of Torture provides direct care to torture survivors, using professional medical expertise. Chapter 5 of the guide Healing the Hurt serves as a median for information gathering, promoting resilience among torture survivors and assuring that torture survivors can access the most convenient and proper help when needed. Pointing out the roles for physicians and nurses who are helping torture survivors, it details both specific and general treatments that can be considered when working with survivors. Also included is a list of interesting sample assessment questions, which are used in standard new patient assessment (p. 57). This chapter of the guide provides a well-rounded view on the medical treatment for torture survivors, from the start of treatment to long-term support.
The Center for Victims of Torture. “Healing the Hurt – Ch. 5: Medical Services.” Web. 9 July 2014. <http://www.healtorture.org/sites/healtorture.org/files/Healing_the_Hurt_Ch5_1.pdf>.
Acid attacks: Can you imagine what it is like to lose your face?
As stated at the beginning of the article, the medical healing process for acid attack survivors is painful and arduous. Making constant references to Dr. Surindher, a cosmetic and plastic surgeon from India, this article explains the common causes of these attacks and suggests proper actions to take when one encounters similar situations from the perspective of a trained surgeon. The article presents fundamental information on the number of surgeries needed and the economic burden associated to medical treatments. Dr. Surindher offers two examples of young women survivors; a 16-year-old girl whose face was still completely disfigured after several reconstructive surgeries and a 19-year-old girl who experienced life-changing medical treatment, helping her regain a somewhat normal life. By the end, the focus moves from physical to psychological trauma. Psychiatrists have to be involved in the healing process from the beginning since victims often develop suicidal thoughts due to the attacks. This piece highlights the important role medical treatment can play in healing the wounds of violence.
Neeraja, Sangeetha. “Acid attacks: Can you imagine what it is like to lose your face?” The New Indian Express. 13 April 2013. Web. 30 July 2014. <http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/bangalore/Acid-attacks-Can-you-imagine-what-it-is-like-to-lose-your-face/2013/04/13/article1542778.ece>.
Mental Health Services for Children Who Witness Domestic Violence
Betsy McAlister Groves, the director of the Child Witness to Violence Project at Boston Medical Center, points out that domestic violence can have permanent effects on children who witnessed such traumatic events. This guide evaluates and discusses both mental health therapy and the identifying process when working with children who have experienced domestic violence. One major section of the guide is devoted to the identification, assessment and analysis when screening young victims. After providing a general breakdown, the author shifts her attention to specific therapy approaches, such as individual and group interventions related to mental health therapy. She gives a conclusive overview on possible mental health interventions, while including additional information such as the importance of advocacy and reaching out to children and agencies that are involved in these types of programs.
McAlister Groves, Betsy. “Mental Health Services for Children Who Witness Domestic Violence.” The Future of Children. Vol. 9. No. 3. 1999. Web. 16 July 2014. <http://futureofchildren.org/futureofchildren/publications/docs/09_03_8.pdf>.