Human and Trafficking

Human Sex Trafficking

Amanda Walker-Rodriguez and Rodney Hill explain that human sex trafficking is not only taking place “in faraway places, like Eastern Europe, Asia, or Africa. Actually human sex trafficking and sex slavery happen locally in cities and towns, both large and small, throughout the United States, right in citizens’ backyards.” People often wonder how such a large operation can carry on with so much secrecy. This article explores this question and how the business of human sex trafficking has become much more organized and violent. You will learn how human traffickers have their own strategies to operate this business successfully. Walker-Rodriguez and Hill provide methods on how to handle human sex trafficking, as well as general indicators about the traffickers and the trafficking victims. If you would like to learn more prevention tips, refer to Chapters 5 and 6 of the WorldLink Reader on Violence Prevention.

Walker-Rodriguez, Amanda and Rodney Hill. “Human Sex Trafficking.” The Federal Bureau of Investigation. March 2011. Web. 7 July 2014. <>.


Definitions and Methodology

The U.S. Department of State released the 2014 Trafficking in Persons Report, which defines trafficking as “the act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion.” In this section of the report, the definitions of several types of trafficking (e.g. sex trafficking, child sex trafficking, forced labor) are described in detail in order to provide a better understanding. This piece suggests possible root causes to the voluntary engagement of trafficking victims. Although some victims of trafficking choose to be involved, such as those who are in debt, most trafficking victims are forced to participate and are involuntarily subjected to many forms of physical and mental abuse. Slavery is a term mostly used when discussing early American history, but it still continues today.

U.S. Department of State. “Definitions and Methodology.” Trafficking in Person Report 2014. 2014. Web. 7 July 2014. <>.


Topics of Special Interest

This section from the recently released 2014 Trafficking in Persons Report explores several topics of interest on certain individuals or groups that are more susceptible to being trafficked. It discusses in great detail the various trafficking situations that are prevalent today, including the targeting of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities. These individuals are often victimized and trafficked because certain societies discriminate against them. Children are also vulnerable to being targeted. Depending on the region of the world, children are used as suicide bombers or workers in cannabis farms. Additionally, certain major sporting events such as the World Cup or the Olympics give offenders more of an opportunity to traffick vulnerable groups prior to, during, and proceeding the event. Since trafficking is a rising issue, the U.S. Department of State explains that raising awareness about human trafficking is important but “simply reporting that human trafficking occurs is not a story. Human trafficking happens in every country in the world,” and greater action must be taken.

U.S. Department of State. “Topics of Special Interest.” Trafficking in Persons Report 2014. 2014. Web. 7 July 2014. <>.


Sex Trafficking of Women in the United States (p. 54-62)

This report discusses how the illicit market of the sex industry works, its various methods of control, and the types of initiation traffickers and pimps use. It also includes several statements from traffickers and survivors of sex trafficking. Victims of human sex trafficking have a significant lack of freedom, little control of their money, are subject to psychological and physical abuse, whether as punishment or gratification by the trafficker, and are subject to alcohol and drug abuse. In some areas, police officers are not allowed, by law, to contact the Immigration and Naturalization Service unless there is a felony to report. There are many forms of trafficking, but what is trafficking? For the purpose of this study, they use a specific definition in which it “offers no loophole for traffickers to use the alleged consent of the victim in their own defense.”

Raymond, Janice G. and Donna M. Hughes. “Sex Trafficking of Women in the United States.” Coalition Against Trafficking in Women. March 2001. p. 54-62. Web. 27 July 2014. <>.

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