Peace in Divided Regions

 

The Success and Failure of Peace Processes in Deeply Divided Societies

It is important to acknowledge that this article is an editorial piece that expresses opinion. Windon takes a critical look at peace processes in societies that are inhabited by two predominant groups of people, both of whom are set on their particular ideologies or traditions. This source analyzes the conflicts in Northern Ireland and in Israel and Palestine, and highlights the difficulties that accompany conflict resolution involving two groups that have opposing viewpoints and completely different end goals.

Windon, Jonna. “The Success and Failure of Peace Processes in Deeply Divided Societies.” Yahoo! Contributor Network. 30 July 2007. Web. October 2013.
<http://voices.yahoo.com/the-success-failure-peace-processes-deeply-464877.html?cat=37>.

 

If you want peace you have to get real

Barry Shaw’s article on the topic of the Israeli and Palestinian conflict is an opinion piece written for The Times of Israel, so there is a definite bias. However, I found that the article criticizes both sides of the table. According to the author, not only is peace difficult in this region because Arabs and Israelis have different cultures and backgrounds, but also because their respective interpretations of “peace” are completely different. Neither is opposed to peace. The article is a thought-provoking read about what the international community should do when one side’s beliefs are not in conjunction with what the other side envisions peace to be.

Shaw, Barry. “If you want peace you have to get real.” The Times of Israel. 30 October 2012. Web. October 2013. <http://blogs.timesofisrael.com/if-you-want-peace-you-have-to-get-real/>.

 

Afghans seek modern peace in traditional style

This article discusses the Afghan and American governments’ attempts to bring peace to the Taliban-ruled region of Afghanistan. It was written in 2010, before the American army withdrew from the area and President Karzai decided to reach out to Afghans in the country. There is a growing divide between the modernized urban Afghans and the traditional communities scattered throughout the desert. This divide strengthens the Taliban, due to the absence of unity amongst the Afghan community. To try and close the gap, President Karzai has begun to hold jirgas, traditional gatherings of elders and influential people in the community. The goal is to connect Afghans from both traditional and modern mind sets and ultimately break down the cultural barriers that have developed.

Salahuddin, Sayed. “Afghans seek modern peace in traditional style.” Reuters. 30 May 2010. Web. October 2013. <http://www.reuters.com/article/2010/05/265/us-afghanistan-jirga-idUSTRE64T0Q520100530>.

 

Washington’s “Dual Imperial Strategy” in Latin America: Breakdown of the Colombia-Venezuela-FARC Peace Process

This article addresses Washington D.C.’s new strategy towards peace in Latin America, a very complex region containing different conflicts that have created cultural and social divides. The United States’ new process would target Colombia and Venezuela, in order to undermine the imperialist governments and dismantle armed insurgencies like the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). Interestingly enough, the U.S. seeks to break up specific regional alliances in Latin America, such as UNASUR and Petro-Caribe, and establish new U.S.-centered plans that encourage cooperation between Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Chile. Considering the complexity and deep culture of the region, as well as the past record of intervention by the United States, I personally am not sure this is necessarily the best way to go about creating peace. However, it will be interesting to see what comes of it and how the new strategy is actually implemented.

Petras, James. “Washington’s ‘Dual Imperial Strategy’ in Latin America: Breakdown of the Colombia-Venezuela-FARC Peace Process.” Centre for Research on Globalization. 7 June 2013. Web. October 2013. <http://www.globalresearch.ca/washingtons-dual-imperial-strategy-in-latin-america-breakdown-of-the-colombia-venezuela-farc-peace-process/5338107>.

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