Conflict Resolution (I): Peace-making and Risk-taking
This article is an in-depth analysis of how peace processes work, as well as why risk aversion helps and hinders the peacemaking process. It covers the risks of peace itself, and analyzes the cognitive and socio-psychological factors of risk aversion that governments and organizations face during the peacemaking process. Carten Giersch argues that the distinguishing factor between successful and unsuccessful peace processes is the presence of negotiators and mediators. The article is a digestible read that covers all the necessary information while still being comprehensible and clear.
Giersch, Carsten. “Conflict Resolution (I): Peace-making and Risk-taking.” Global Risk Affairs. 26 May 2011. Web. October 2013.
Demobilisation and disarmament in peace processes
This policy briefing from the Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre illustrates how militia groups generate arms and political will by exploring the factors that lead to violent conflict. It gives recommendations to peace builders and mediators in facilitating the disarmament process and keeping the affected areas non-violent in the aftermath of armed conflict. The report is concise and well-written, and argues that rebels will only agree to disarm once they are completely confident that the safety of their people is ensured and that their political goals will be implemented. The briefing is a useful source for mediators and peace builders because of the insight it gives into the minds of the rebel group members.
Dudouet, Veronique. “Demobilisation and disarmament in peace processes.” Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre. November 2012. Web. October 2013.
The Role of the Media in Peace Processes
Media has a much larger effect on our world today due to the availability and speed of technology. This source discusses the effects of media on peace processes, in particular how the new role of media will change traditional protocol. In many cases, the media can be extremely negative to a peace process by creating unnecessary drama and igniting opinions and outcry from people who are not directly involved in the process. According to the author, a Rotary World Peace Scholar, the media tends to highlight negative aspects in order to generate a larger audience. However, this source suggests that if there is “consensus amongst political leaders,” the media can be a helpful tool in the peacemaking process. Ultimately, this will only work if the media conglomerates cooperate in being sensitive about the issues and struggles faced by those involved in a peace process.
Hattotuwa, Sanjana. “The Role of the Media in Peace Processes.” TakingITGlobal. 23 February 2003. Web. October 2013.