Prostitution and Human Trafficking: A Paradigm Shift
Lieutenant Marcin, who serves with the Anaheim Police Department, reported how prostitution is now being seen as a form of human trafficking, contrary to how it has been viewed historically. As written in the FBI report, victims of prostitution had been arrested and tried as criminals in the past; however, this view is shifting. Surveys and interviews show that most victims hope to escape the commercial sex trade industry, but they feel as though prostitution is their only option for survival. This paradigm shift is a milestone in the movement of anti-human trafficking and the protection of survivors. Although focused on human trafficking in the United States, this article highlights important points that should be considered worldwide, leading to greater human protection in places of armed conflict.
Marcin, Steve. “Prostitution and Human Trafficking: A Paradigm Shift.” Federal Bureau of Investigation. Web. October 2013. <http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/law-enforcement-bulletin/2013/March/prostitution-and-human-trafficking>.
New York to vote on bill increasing penalties for human trafficking
New York lawmakers are voting on changes to penalties for prostitution. This article introduces a bill that would raise the minimum age for prosecuting prostitutes to 18 years of age. In the past, young individuals of ages 16 and 17 could be tried and prosecuted as adults. The bill would also increase penalties for human traffickers by declaring trafficking a violent crime. It examines another aspect of the paradigm shift in the United States that recognizes prostitutes as possible human trafficking survivors in need of protection, rather than criminals needing to be prosecuted. Similar to the aforementioned source produced by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, this article focuses on human trafficking in the United States but puts forth compelling arguments that should be considered when working towards eradicating human trafficking worldwide.
McVeigh, Karen. “New York to vote on bill increasing penalties for human trafficking.” The Guardian. 19 June 2013. Web. October 2013. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/19/new-york-human-trafficking-prostitution>.
How to End Sex Trafficking and Modern Day Slavery
In a recent interview with Forbes, one of the world’s most esteemed experts on human trafficking, Siddarth Kara, described the recent levels of increased awareness on the issues of human trafficking. Since the early 2000s, new knowledge and understanding has led governments and organizations to address human trafficking and take measures to protect its victims. Kara explains ways people around the world can get involved, such as avoiding products created by companies suspected of engaging in human trafficking. Through this, each person can play a role and make a difference towards helping eradicate human trafficking.
Kanani, Rahim. “How to End Sex Trafficking and Modern Day Slavery.” Forbes. 8 January 2012. Web. October 2013. <http://www.forbes.com/sites/rahimkanani/2012/01/08/how-to-end-sex-trafficking-and-modern-day-slavery-with-siddharth-kara/>.
How to make human trafficking a priority for law enforcement agencies
This opinion piece outlines the reasons why human trafficking should be a priority for law enforcement. Author Peter Ship explains that there are an estimated 2.6 million human trafficking victims around the world, 10,000 in the United Kingdom alone. Despite these numbers, human trafficking often goes under the radar in many countries due to its complicated nature and low-profile. Ship argues that this does not have to be the case. He explains that public awareness needs to rise and that law enforcement should begin to focus on stopping human trafficking. Ship highlights the need to use technology and information sharing, in order to track, prevent, and reduce human trafficking. This article is significant because it specifically outlines action plans that can be implemented worldwide to address human trafficking and protect its survivors and potential victims.
Ship, Peter. “How to make human trafficking a priority for law enforcement agencies.” The Guardian. 11 July 2013. Web. October 2013. <http://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2013/jul/11/human-trafficking-and-law-enforcement>.
Victim Identification: The First Step in Stopping Modern Slavery (Pgs. 7-27)
The U.S. Department of State issues an annual Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report, detailing the current situation of human trafficking in specific countries around the world. The report defines human trafficking to include sex and labor trafficking, in which the victim is forced to work often without pay. Although human trafficking is often used to refer to sex trafficking, it is important to note that labor trafficking is just as prevalent, if not more so. The TIP report asserts that governments should intervene and be held responsible for the existing forms of human trafficking in their countries. It is important for government officials, healthcare employees, education administrators, private sector employees, and law enforcement to be given the tools to identify and protect human trafficking victims and survivors.
United States Department of State. “Victim Identification: The First Step in Stopping Modern Slavery.” Trafficking in Persons Report June 2013. June 2013. Pgs. 7-27. Web. October 2013. <http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/210737.pdf>.
Beyond a Snapshot: Preventing Human Trafficking in the Global Economy (Pgs. 150-156)
The “Counter-trafficking Efforts in Practice” section of this article explains the inefficient approaches many governments take towards reducing human trafficking. Too often, governments attempt to stop human trafficking by focusing on criminal justice rather than the protection of its victims. Since the focus is on the prosecution of the human traffickers, those trafficked continue to suffer due to law enforcement’s inability to distinguish between undocumented immigrants and human trafficking survivors. Subsequently, human trafficking survivors are often sent back to their home country, making them vulnerable to being captured again. Furthermore, the author highlights the fact that several countries place little emphasis on the movement of human trafficking victims. Human trafficking is often seen as a single area’s issue rather than one that extends over borders.
Chuang, Janie. “Beyond a Snapshot: Preventing Human Trafficking in the Global Economy.” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies. Vol. 13. No. 1. 1 January 2006. Pgs. 150-156. Web. October 2013. <http://www.repository.law.indiana.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1323&context=ijgls>.