The Global Land Rush: Catalyst for Resource-Driven Conflict?
Michael Kugelman addresses the type of impact that delayed and neglected land negotiations can have on small farmers, as well as their food and livestock. In his article, Kugelman discusses recent conflicts, such as the existing tension between India and China over the “Himalayan Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, an unusually water-rich area and hence strategic territory for both water-starved nations.” As Kugelman points out, land and its natural resources are two leading causes for several conflicts worldwide.
Kugelman, Michael. “The Global Land Rush: Catalyst for Resource-Driven Conflict?” Sustainable Security. July 2012. Web. November 2013. <http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2012/07/the-global-land-rush-catalyst-for-resource-driven-conflict/#.Upv6BCeKJCq>.
More than an Argument, Land Conflicts Stall Economic Growth
In this article, Jean Payton addresses the negative correlation between land rights and land development. Payton argues that the presence of ongoing disputes over land rights stalls economic growth. She explains that land ownership is of the utmost importance for many people by stating, “Today, about 1.4 million people live in extreme poverty. Seventy-five percent live in rural areas, where land equals livelihood.” This statement, as well as other statistics featured in the article, brings to light the importance of land ownership. It explains how the issue of land rights can bring about conflict and limit development, as witnessed in Guatemala, Uganda, and Indonesia.
Payton, Jean. “More than an Argument, Land Conflicts Stall Economic Growth.” Global Envision. 16 April 2012. Web. November 2013. <http://www.globalenvision.org/2012/04/16/more-argument-land-conflicts-stall-economic-growth>.
‘Our Land, Our Lives’ Time out on the global rush
Oxfam released a briefing note that details the severe implications of land grabbing (large-scale land acquisitions). This report informs the reader about the tragic events people, and farmers in particular, face when an outside investor, organization, or country suddenly occupy their land. In many places around the world, farmers are the main source of food and other resources to the people of that region. Thus, forced evictions of farmers will have a tremendous impact, especially on those who have resided in these areas their whole lives. Oxfam describes the negative impact of forced land grabbing by saying, “The immediate impacts of land grabs on affected communities have been well documented and include gross human-rights violations, destitution, loss of livelihood, destruction of property and crops, and lack of compensation.” The Oxfam report highlights alarming realities associated to land grabbing, which continue to exist today.
Oxfam. “ ‘Our Land, Our Lives’ Time out on the global rush.” October 2012. Web. November 2013.