International Security: HIV/AIDS and the Changing Landscape of War in Africa
University lecturer Stefan Elbe asserts that war has a significant impact on health, and that public health can also serve as a cause of war. As stated in this article, there is a “growing impact of HIV/AIDS on the nature and conduct of armed conflict in Africa.” This growing impact affects those fighting on the battlefield, its social significance, and the way the war is conducted. Elbe found that the spread of HIV and AIDS causes various fears for security and safety in society, which can then result in multiple riots and armed conflicts.
Elbe, Stefan. “International Security: HIV/AIDS and the Changing Landscape of War in Africa.” MIT Press Journals. Vol. 27. No. 2. 2002. Web. October 2013. <http://www2.carleton.ca/africanstudies/ccms/wp-content/ccms-files/AIDS-and-conflict-in-Africa-.pdf>.
Health and Civil War in Rural Burundi
The authors of this study found that armed conflict will have a lasting impact on a child’s health. Tom Bundervoet, Philip Verwimp and Richard Akresh closely analyze this relation in the aftermath of the Burundi civil war. Through their research, they found that a child’s height was directly affected by prolonged exposure to armed conflict. With each additional month of war, a child’s height decreased by precise values, which develops a direct correlation between the war in Burundi and the physical health of children.
Bundervoet, Tom, et al. “Health and Civil War in Rural Burundi.” 2008. Web. October 2013. <http://go.worldbank.org/VJG1G0MSL0>.
Increased participation from women crucial to Africa’s future prospects
Based in Nairobi, Kenya, journalist Mark Kapchanga argues that in order for Africa to thrive politically and economically, women’s political participation should be viewed as important and necessary. Kapchanga uses examples and statistics to support his argument, and introduces ways in which women play a significant role in the field of women’s health. This article is specific to the participation of women in Africa, but addresses a concept that transcends international borders.
Kapchanga, Mark. “Increased participation from women crucial to Africa’s future prospects.” Global Times. 27 June 2013. Web. October 2013. <http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/792171.shtml>.
Health: Rape as a ‘weapon of war’ against men
During times of conflict, rape is commonly used as a ‘weapon of war’ against both women and men. This article brings to light important issues that are often very difficult to talk about. Sexual violence has physical and mental repercussions for survivors, as well as their family members and greater community. Male survivors are often deprived of resources to help combat their trauma, due to lack of health clinics that are particularly geared towards men. In addition, survivors of sexual violence are often stigmatized and shunned by society, which is an additional pressure on those that have already endured physical and mental traumas.
IRIN News. “Health: Rape as a ‘weapon of war’ against men.” United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. 13 October 2011. Web. October 2013. <http://www.irinnews.org/report/93960/health-rape-as-a-weapon-of-war-against-men>.
Breaking the silence: confronting rape in post-war Libya
The effects of sexual violence do not disappear as conflict begins to decrease. Several humanitarian groups and organizations are focused on supporting survivors of rape in Libya. However, these efforts have little impact when those who have been assaulted are too afraid to come forward. As journalist Sophie McBain argues, those who have experienced sexual violence are often socially stigmatized, imprisoned, and even put to death. This article addresses the dangerous reasons why several survivors continue to bear the physical and mental burdens resulting from sexual violence.
McBain, Sophie. “Breaking the silence: confronting rape in post-war Libya.” The Guardian. 10 June 2013. Web. October 2013. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development-professionals-network/2013/jun/07/confronting-rape-post-war-libya>.