Bangladesh: Poverty Assessment for Bangladesh
This World Bank report includes a comprehensive analysis of Bangladesh’s state of poverty. It proposes several measures to help reduce these high levels of poverty, including increases in manufacture employment and labor productivity and rapid urbanization. According to the 2008 report, growth in these particular areas is imperative in order to raise the earnings of wageworkers and subsistence farmers. Stabilizing the economy and augmenting incomes will provide improvements in both infrastructure and investments. Investments in public education have the capacity to reduce the economic gap between the rich and the poor. Rapid urbanization is another factor that can potentially help eradicate poverty. The study proposes two goals through urbanization: to promote and develop “a) basic infrastructure and services in the largest cities in the East to reduce agglomeration costs; and b) growth prospects of smaller towns/cities, particularly in lagging regions, so that they emerge as alternate growth centers.” Several of the poverty-reduction points proposed aim to reduce the gap between more developed peoples/regions and their less developed counterparts. The topics concerning the Bangladesh economy are tied together by a national development strategy led by the government, civil society, and private sector and development partners.
World Bank. “Bangladesh: Poverty Assessment for Bangladesh.” 21 October 2008. Web. September 2013. <http://go.worldbank.org/XXXHNFX7N0>.
Georgia Micro Loans
A microfinance program was launched after Georgia’s conflict with Russia over South Ossetia in 2008. The European Union and United Nations Development Program (UNDP) teamed up to assist women entrepreneurs and small-scale farmers fund their economic endeavors. Inita Paulovica, deputy head of UNDP Georgia, notes that these efforts have been a success in regenerating economies and providing opportunities from already-available resources. The program distributed more than 3,000 micro loans, ranging from $400 to $3,000, with the loans totaling up to approximately $2.6 million. The article highlights a story of a woman who was forced out of her home when the conflict caused her to flee her village. Her family struggled in extreme poverty until she was able to sell lilies through loans provided by UNDP. The program has since expanded, now offering vocational training and education to create economic opportunities in conflict-affected areas of Georgia.
Microfinance Africa. “Georgia Micro Loans.” 22 January 2011. Web. September 2013. <http://microfinanceafrica.net/tag/georgia-microloans>.
Breaking the Links Between Conflict and Hunger in Africa
Ellen Messer and Marc J. Cohen prepared this report for a conference held in Kampala, Uganda. It calls for international sanctions and regulations in order to flag the exploitation of primary resources and conflict outbreaks. Monitoring the global prices of key exports and imports can help improve livelihoods and prevent human rights violations by reducing economic shock. Policymakers are advised to heed to local and low-intensity conflicts that can disrupt food production and the access to agricultural resources. The report also asks that policy analysts recognize the structure of production and the market of the respective country before debating the positive and negative impacts of economic liberalization in an area. The specific factors that an individual nation faces must be taken into consideration before general consensus on the implementations can be made. Moreover, in order to link local initiatives, national and international efforts must be made to reach out to negatively affected areas. The foremost concern of national governments should be conflict prevention through planning, implementation, and development of programs and projects.
Messer, Ellen and Marc J. Cohen. “Breaking the Links Between Conflict and Hunger in Africa.” International Food Policy Research Institute. 2004. Web. September 2013. <http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/pubs/pubs/ib/ib26.pdf>.
Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger (Pgs. 7-10)
This United Nations Development Group report introduces possible methods of reducing poverty and hunger rates in the world through successful strategies and interventions. In terms of improving nutrition in countries, the report proposes food and nutrition safety-net approaches in which food vouchers, school meals, and mother and child feeding programs can be used to mitigate impacts of shock and to assist individuals suffering from chronic incapacities. Another important approach to improve nutrition in countries is to enhance smallholder productivity by empowering individuals living in rural communities to produce a wider range of high quality foods which would improve the access to food. Investments in social protection programs for vulnerable populations can also help to reduce food insecurity and improve living conditions for a great number of peoples. An emergency response system to rapidly aid areas struck by disasters should also be implemented in order to minimize damage and maximize ability to respond to these situations appropriately and efficiently. A nation’s political agenda must address poverty, hunger, nutrition and food in order to properly eradicate the negative and dangerous repercussions.
Millennium Development Goals Task Force. “Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger.” United Nations Development Group. Pgs. 7-10. Web. September 2013. <http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—dgreports/—exrel/documents/publication/wcms_172554.pdf>.