Children and Displacement
This source is a collection of stories about displacement taken from the accounts of children. In times of conflict, children experience displacement in a very different way than adults. Studies have found that children respond to situations of extreme stress in a way that makes them more likely to develop psychological disorders that extend into adulthood.
“Children and Displacement.” IDP Voices. 2011. Web. 26 July 2011. <http://www.internal-displacement.org/80257297004E5CC5/(httpPages)/135D479144458FDFC125742300431C55?OpenDocument>.
1 Refugee Without Hope: Eritrean teen does not dare to dream
This article focuses on the experiences of Salomon, an Eritrean teen refugee who has had a difficult childhood. He was born a refugee in Sudan, and was orphaned at a young age. At fifteen, he ran away to Libya with some Eritreans he met in a hotel. While his fellow travellers eventually escaped to Italy, Salomon remained in Libya. While in Libya, Salomon was arrested and tortured by Libyan authorities for simply wearing a cross. He was released from prison when the Libyan revolution began. As mounting ethnic tensions became more of an issue, Salomon moved to a Libyan Red Crescent camp for safety. In March of 2011, Salomon was evacuated to Egypt along with thousands of other refugees fleeing the conflict. Today, Salomon keeps to himself in the camp because he is haunted by memories of the past. Salomon used to have hope for the future, but his tentative optimism has been destroyed by the hardship he has faced throughout his life.
“1 Refugee Without Hope: Eritrean teen does not dare to dream.” UNHCR. 5 July 2011. Web. 4 Aug. 2011. <http://www.unhcr.org/4e12cb0d6.html>.
Child Soldiers, Displacement and Human Security
A child soldier is anyone under the age of eighteen who is a member of an army. Children who are separated from their family or community are usually at greater risk of being recruited. According to this article, child soldiers are often stuck in a cycle where they are vulnerable to both recruitment and displacement. Displaced children are often vulnerable to recruitment, and these children then become vulnerable to displacement as child soldiers.
Alfredson, Lisa. “Child Soldiers, Displacement and Human Security.” 2002. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <www.unidir.org/pdf/articles/pdf-art1728.pdf>.
Britain Turns Away Refugee Boys Who Trekked 600 Miles across Australia to Claim Asylum
This article by Kathy Marks is an account of two brothers from Afghanistan that ran away from a detention center in Australia, hoping to be granted asylum in Britain. After a 600-mile trek to the British consulate in Melbourne, the two boys submitted an application for asylum in the United Kingdom. After a flurry of memos between diplomatic offices in Melbourne and London, the boys were informed that British authorities had denied their application. To make matters worse, a background check was performed on the boys and their family, and Australian authorities accused them of falsifying documents. The entire family now faces deportation, and is fighting an ongoing legal battle over their rights as asylum-seekers.
Marks, Kathy. “Britain Turns Away Refugee Boys Who Trekked 600 Miles across Australia to Claim Asylum.” The Independent. 19 July 2002. Web. 28 Nov. 2011. <http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/australasia/britain-turns-away-refugee-boys-who-trekked-600-miles-across-australia-to-claim-asylum-648747.html>.
Study Finds Children’s Protection Program Underfunded
This article was written in response to a study conducted by Save the Children. Investigators found that programs for the protection of displaced children are underfunded and receive only a fraction of the money needed to continue operations. In 2008, governments provided only 47% percent of the total amount requested for child protection programs, and only 32% in 2009. While funding for humanitarian aid expanded in these years, there was no growth in the amount of funding for child protection. The reason for the underfunding of child protection programs lies in the fact that governments tend to reserve funding for programs that show immediate benefit. The article asserts that the allocation of funding for child protection programs can achieve long term results that are important.
Schlein, Lisa. “Study Finds Children’s Protection Programs Underfunded.” Voice of America. 8 July 2011. Web. 4 Aug. 2011. <http://www.voanews.com/english/news/Protection-Programs-For-Children-Caught-In-Emergencies-Under-Funded-125214499.html>.