Overview of Disability

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World Report on Disability: Ch.1 Understanding Disability, pgs.1-8

This report provides interesting insight into the nature of “disability.” In the beginning of the article, the author expands the traditionally accepted definition, and reinforces the point that disabilities encompass a broader locus than many people think. We must consider how the disabled person is treated in society by the government, businesses, and fellow citizens. Furthermore, due to the fact that the disable are more susceptible to disease and poverty, several preventative and rehabilitative measures have to be put into place.

World Health Organization. “Understanding Disability: What is Disability?” World Report on Disability. 9 June 2011. p. 1-8. Web. 29 July 2011. <http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789240685215_eng.pdf>.

 

 

Africa: Campaign against polio at risk

Polio is a debilitating condition that can cause partial paralysis in infected individuals. Even though it has been nearly eradicated in industrialized countries, polio remains a problem in several areas of the developing world including India, Pakistan, Nigeria, and Chad. In recent years, low immunization rates have lead to a slight increase in instances of polio observed worldwide. Together, the United Nations and NGO’s like the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation are working to make polio a thing of the past. As with other disease prevention efforts, the prospect of achieving full eradication is difficult because of limited funding.

“Africa: Campaign against polio at risk.” Radio Netherlands Worldwide. 22 July 2011. Web. 7 Aug. 2011. <http://www.rnw.nl/africa/article/africa-campaign-against-polio-risk>.

 

 

Disability Rights in Cambodia: Using the Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities to Expose Human Right Violations

Despite ratifying the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Cambodia still has widespread abuse of mentally and physically disabled people. This article exposes the mistreatment of Cambodians with disabilities – individuals who are pushed to the fringes of society and denied many of the most fundamental human rights. According to this article, the Cambodian government has not made much of an effort to educate the public about disability. It is this lack of information that is at the root of much of the discrimination seen in Cambodia today. This article also points out the fact that Cambodia lacks the legal and legislative framework needed to ensure the protection of rights for the disabled.  Cambodia’s government is not alone in its struggle to adequately ensure the rights guaranteed by international law and its own constitution. Like many countries in the developing world, Cambodia has the desire to protect human rights, but lacks a means to make an organized effort to fight discrimination.

Connelly, Ulrike Buschbacher. “Disability Rights in Cambodia: Using the Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities to Expose Human Right Violations.” Pacific Rim Law & Policy Journal. Vol. 18. No. 1. Jan. 2009. Web. 29 July 2011. <http://digital.law.washington.edu/dspace-law/bitstream/handle/1773.1/521/18PacRimLPolyJ123.pdf?sequence=1>.

 

 

Mining the Intersections: Advancing the Rights of Women and Children with Disabilities within an Interrelated Web of Human Rights

This article serves as a call to action for governments to provide legal protection to individuals with disabilities. In many countries, women and children with disabilities are victims of government negligence when it comes to the protection of human rights. Often, disabled individuals have trouble becoming integrated into society; and for some, their sex, age or religion can further hinder their integration. This article poignantly calls for legislative bodies to make human rights protection one of their priorities. At the same time, it also calls on bodies of international government to apply pressure on nations that fail to meet international standards of rights protection.

De Alwis, Rangita de Silva. “Mining the Intersections: Advancing the Rights of Women and Children with Disabilities within an Interrelated Web of Human Rights.” Pacific Rim Law & Policy Journal. Vol. 18, No. 1. Jan. 2009. Web. 29 July 2011. <https://digital.lib.washington.edu/dspace-law/bitstream/handle/1773.1/528/18PacRimLPolyJ293.pdf?sequence=1>.

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