Ethnic Conflict

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Hitler, Pol Pot, and Hutu Power: Distinguishing Themes of Genocidal Ideology

This comparative essay analyzes and draws similarities between three instances of genocide in the twentieth century – the Holocaust, the Cambodian genocide, and the Rwandan genocide. It identifies “red flags” that could signal the outbreak of genocide, including “violent racism or religious prejudice” and expansionism. Its analysis provides good insight into the origins of these genocides and their possible prevention. Each instance of mass murder is given close examination and is studied from a historical, social and political standpoint. At the conclusion of the essay, there are discussion questions to engage in deeper thought and dialogue about the subject.

Kiernan, Ben. “Hitler, Pol Pot, and Hutu Power: Distinguishing Themes of Genocidal Ideology.” The Holocaust and the United Nations Outreach Programme. Web. 21 July 2011. <>.



Lessons from Rwanda

The conflict in Rwanda exemplifies many intolerable violations of basic human rights, including forms of ethnic cleansing. This page on the UN website provides a brief history of the tension between the Hutus and Tutsis, the escalation to genocide, and the aftermath. It also includes other resources for furthering one’s knowledge of the genocide of Rwanda, the process of restoring peace, and the prevention of genocide in the future. It provides a good foundation to examine racism in Rwanda more closely and study the mechanics of genocide. This source is informative through its discussion of human rights and crimes against humanity.

“Lessons from Rwanda.” United Nations. Web. 23 July 2011. <>.



Sudan: Safe Darfur Returns Imperative

This article describes a report published by Human Rights Watch, “If We Return, We Will Be Killed,” which details the ethnic cleansing that occurred in Darfur in the 2000’s and its repercussions. The genocide in Darfur resulted in the mass displacement of people, who were reluctant to return to their war-torn homes due to the fear of being murdered because of their ethnicity or killed in the crossfire. The report addresses the intervention of the U.N. Security Council and the lack of enforcement of its ultimatums. It also discusses the Naivasha peace accords, which did not “address responsibility for the mass human rights abuses” or seek sustainable solutions to the conflict. According to the article, action taken by the Security Council is vital in resolving such conflicts.

“Sudan: Safe Darfur Returns Imperative.” Human Rights Watch. 15 Nov. 2004. Web. 19 July 2011. <>.

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