Section Four of this report on the United Nations General Assembly, Nature and Causes of Excessive and Destabilizing Accumulation of Small Arms and Light Weapons, defines some of the key points in the topic of small arms. One of the key points of discussion is on possible causes of the accumulation of small arms (including conflict, terrorism, cultural perspective, and lack of order in the government) and the transportation and trade of said weapons. The last portion of this section is Regional Realities, which analyzes the small arms situation in the different regions of the world.
Secretary-General Kofi Atta Annan. “Nature & Causes of Excessive & Destabilizing Accumulation of Small Arms & Light Weapons.” 27 August 1997. United Nations General Assembly. July 2010. (Section IV, Pages 14 – 21) http://www.un.org/Depts/ddar/Firstcom/SGreport52/a52298.html
Why should we care about small arms and weapons proliferation? This article offers a very straightforward explanation of how small arms, even abroad, affects the United States. In addition, this article discusses small arms in relation to at least two of the other topics for this year (mostly terrorism, but also the drug trade as well). According to this article, small arms proliferation in Columbia increases the threats of terrorism, kidnapping and murder, and the drug trade in the United States. The author goes as far as to say, “Columbia is a potential breeding ground for international terror equaled perhaps only by Afghanistan.”
Schroeder, Matthew. “Small Arms, Terrorism, and the OAS Firearms Convention.” March 2004. Federation of American Scientists. June 2010. (Recommended: Small Arms and Latin American: Threats to US Interests, Pages 15 – 21) http://www.fas.org/pubs/_docs/FullReport.pdf
Do stricter gun laws reduce crime? All too often, there is no one clear answer. According to statistical data from sources including The Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy and The New England Journal of Medicine, the results vary. Some cited studies include an analysis of countries with higher gun rates but lower murder rates, as well as studies on the effects of tighter gun laws in Washington D.C.
Liptak, Adam. “Gun Laws and Crime: A Complex Relationship.” 29 June 2008. The New York Times. July 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/29/weekinreview/29liptak.html