Justice is defined as actions that are made within the requirements of a law. There are many forms of justice, but for the most part, the types can be broken down into four categories. These categories are: distributive justice, procedural justice, retributive justice, and restorative justice.
Burgess, Guy. “Types of Justice”. Beyond Intractability. 2003-2010. July 2010. http://www.beyondintractability.org/user_guides/third_side/arbiters_types-of-justice.jsp
Our definition of law and justice has not always been what it is today. The concept of justice has been evolving since Biblical times. With the constant need to modify and adapt laws to current situations and crimes, justice is still a multi-faceted and controversial term. This fluid definition becomes a challenge to respond to organized crime because the balancing of human rights, the severity of the crime, and court jurisdiction when it comes to organized crime is incredibly difficult.
Sterling, John A. “Concepts of Justice Past and Present”. Law and Liberty Foundation. 1999-2002. July 2010. http://www.lawandliberty.org/justice.htm
Transitional justice is a response to systematic or widespread violations of human rights. This concept first emerged in the late 1980s due to political climate changes throughout the world. Relating back to the topic of organized crime, transitional justice can be used to help with human rights violations that could be caused by such crimes as human trafficking or gang activity.
Bickford, Louis. “What is Transitional Justice?” Macmillan Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity. 2004. July 2010. http://www.ictj.org/en/tj/