The Balkans (also known as the Balkan Peninsula) is a region in southeastern Europe. The Balkans consists of the following countries: Croatia, Montenegro, Greece, Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Romania, Slovenia, Turkey, Bulgaria, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The region faces major problems with drug trafficking, human trafficking, and trafficking in small arms. The presence of these organized crimes is due to conflict between the Balkan countries as well as neighboring states. Rampant political corruption, among other issues, threatens the success of identifying adequate policies.
Anastasijevic, Dejan. “Organized Crime in the Western Balkans”. HUMSEC. July 2010. (Pages 3-12) http://www.etc-graz.at/cms/fileadmin/user_upload/humsec/Workin_Paper_Series/Working_Paper_Anastasijevic.pdf
Javier Solana, a representative Common Foreign and Security Policy for the European Union, in his speech “Intervention” addresses Balkan organized crime as a threat to political and economic stability in the Balkans. He also says that the efforts being made to end these crimes have to be a priority of all of the European nations. Meanwhile, other member states of the EU are concerned about the instability of the Balkan countries spilling into the surrounding states of Europe.
Solana, Javier.”EUHR Solana’s Intervention on organized crime in South Eastern Europe”. European Union @ United Nations. July 2010. http://www.europa-eu-un.org/articles/en/article_1804_en.htm
The Balkan Peninsula serves as a gateway for international drug trade. The country that utilizes the “Balkan Route” the most is Afghanistan, and the main destinations of all of those drugs are Western countries.
“Balkan Route-Business as Usual”. July 2010.http://arirusila.wordpress.com/