This article shows how Cambodia has been actively trying to fight human trafficking in the past few years. Cambodia was relegated to tier three, the lowest possible, on the U.S. State Department’s annual trafficking report in 2005. Since then, the country has been determined to improve and police have made some high profile arrests. The country was moved up to tier two in 2010, but according to the Interior Ministry spokesman, “We want to go to tier 1… Cambodia will not be a place for child sex tourists.”
Kevin Doyle, Phnom Penh. “Cambodia’s Child Sex Crackdown.” Time Magazine. 5 October 2006. 22 July 2010. http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1543174-1,00.html
This report is very valuable because it describes specific types of force such as kidnapping or torture, and how to recognize that force by looking for things like cigarette burns and attempted suicides. It also gives tips on how to identify victims of trafficking and where they are usually found, for example hospital rooms, HIV/AIDs programs and local police departments.
Donna M. Hughes. “Hiding in Plain Sight.” University of Rhode Island. October 2003. 22 July 2010. http://www.uri.edu/artsci/wms/hughes/hiding_in_plain_sight.pdf
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 is the primary legislation in the United States used to combat human trafficking. This piece gives an overview of the act which created a T Visa for human trafficking victims and made tougher law enforcement procedures. It also mentions the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003 in which the Bush Administration set aside over $ 200 million dollars to combat human trafficking.
Administration for Children and Families. “Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 Fact Sheet.” U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 1 August 2010. http://www.acf.hhs.gov/trafficking/about/TVPA_2000.pdf