The problem of economic inequity has contributed to the increasing gap between males and females. In many countries women are making significantly less money than their male counterparts, and are working more hours. Studies not only evaluated the amount of hours spent in the work place, but also looked at the amount of hours women invest in the household and non-paid locations such as caring for elderly. Based on the amount of money contributed to the household, the males have more “control” because they bring in more money to the family. The article presents the causes for the economic inequity in countries around the world and the effects the large gender gap has on women.
State of World Population 2002. “Economic Inequity.” United Nations Population Fund. http://www.unfpa.org/swp/2002/english/ch4/page3.htm (accessed October 28, 2008).
The Law Poor
An effect of economic inequity is poverty, which is one of the biggest problems many countries are facing, and with poverty there is a lack of healthcare, involvement in society and basic education. A new report is stating that because millions of people are “excluded from the rule of law,” they are remaining in their current state of poverty. The rule of law means the official recognition of a person from birth. The report stated that 40% of five-year-old children in developing nations are not officially registered, in legal terms this means they do not officially exist. This means that governments are not accountable or are unaware to provide medical care, proper legal assistance and basic education to people they do not even know exist. Now that this issue is being presented, people are hopeful that legal empowerment will bring change to millions that are living in poverty.
The Economist. “The Law Poor.” The Economist. http://www.economist.com/finance/displaystory.cfm?story_id=11511806 (accessed June 18, 2008).
Mapping the Crisis
A map of Africa is shown to represent the millions of people that are in need of urgent food aid. Each country is a different color based on the overall amount of people affected by hunger; it ranges from 0 to 4+ million. The topic of hunger is not a new issue, but why it is getting more attention now is the root cause has changed. For years hunger in countries was caused by natural disasters, like earthquakes destroying structures or droughts devastating farmlands. Now, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, the new cause is man-made. From conflict, poverty, economic inequity and overpopulation, these are all man-made problems to blame for the increasing issue of hunger.
BBC News. “Mapping the Crisis.” BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/africa/05/crisis_map/html/1.stm (accessed October 28, 2008).
Study Shows the Gap Growing Between Rich and Poor
In some of the world’s richest countries the line between rich and poor is increasing. Studies are showing that the problem of economic inequality is creating a bigger gap between the upper and middle class, even with advances in technology creating more jobs the economy still fell. The housing market collapse and the foreclosure rates up caused the amount of inequality and poverty to increase in countries like the United States, Mexico and Turkey. The article is calling out to governments to step in and create solutions to solve the increasing problem of economic inequity.
Keller, Greg and Vandore, Emma. “Study shows gap growing between rich and poor.” Business Week. http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D93V1T7G0.htm (accessed October 24, 2008).
The Global Refugee Crisis Worsens
One of the biggest affects the world has seen from the economic problem is the millions of refugees that have been displaced from their suffering countries. By looking at the changes the international community has endured since economic inequity has increased we have a better understanding of just how massive the issue is. The United Nations High Commission for Refugees stated that they helped more than 25 million refugees last year. The growing number of displaced people is not centrally located, all over Asia, Africa and Latin America millions of people are fleeing their home due to the economic crisis.
Graff, James. “The Global Refugee Crisis Worsens.” Time. http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1816737,00.html (accessed June 2008).