Mainstreaming Gender in UN Security Policy: A Path to Political Transformation?
This article, written in 2008, is highly relevant and emphasizes important facts about and policies supported by the United Nations’ Security Council. The author, Boston Consortium Fellow Carol Cohn, points out the reasons for the slow progress of the UN Security Council’s implementation of policies and practices and provides evidence for the need for gender mainstreaming and an overall better representation of women throughout the UN system. As the main decision-making body in the UN, the Security Council is “overwhelmingly male” and is a domain majorly devoted to achieving international peace and security by solving military-related problems. The author helps the reader to understand one of many perspectives on the UN’s policies and its entire system. Her opinions are supported with real evidence from speeches and articles by members of the Security Council. This article provides insight into the idea that large, possibly flawed agencies can thus produce flawed policies. As acknowledged by the article, while the UN has surely been effective in understanding international problems relating to gender equality and its link to widespread peace and security, it is also equally important that gender equality be exhibited by the UN system itself in order to achieve international peace and security.
Cohn, Carol. “Mainstreaming Gender in UN Security Policy: A Path to Political Transformation?” Global Governance (2008): 185-206. Consortium on Gender, Security, and Human Rights, 2008. Web. 4 July 2016. <http://genderandsecurity.org/sites/default/files/carol_cohn_working_paper_204.pdf>.
Security Council Resolution 1325 Annotated and Explained
Security Council Resolution 1325 recognizes the large number of women and girls adversely affected by armed conflict and violence and the need for female participation in the prevention of conflict. Originally written in 2000, this resolution has been the catalyst for the implementation of gender equality policies and the main cornerstone on which the globally implemented National Action Plans are based. This annotated version provides an accessible translation and helpful background information about the different parts of the resolution. The resolution is relevant to the topic of peace and security because it thoroughly covers the need for policy implementation in order to achieve gender equality and has a very thorough analysis and past evidence showing the need for such policies.
“II.D.8a UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1325 (ON WOMEN AND PEACE AND SECURITY) (31 October 2000).” International Law & World Order: Weston’s & Carlson’s Basic Documents (n.d.): n. pag. PeaceWomen. United Nations, 2000. Web. 17 July 2016. <http://www.peacewomen.org/assets/file/BasicWPSDocs/annotated_1325.pdf>.
UNDP Gender Equality Strategy 2014-2017
Written in 2014 by the UN Development Programme, this document, which is a strategic plan, discusses the UNDP Gender Equality Strategy. The strategy contains recommendations for mainstreaming gender perspectives and promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment while simultaneously working toward peaceful conflict resolution and the implementation of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. The UNDP’s main focuses are resilience, the sustainable development pathways, and inclusive and effective democratic governance, which relates directly to the topic of peace and security, especially on pages 9 through 20, which detail the outcomes of the UNDP Strategic Plan. Though they are not outcomes of implemented policies in particular locations, they assure that gender equality is and will be addressed in every policy in the plan. The document ends with a proposal that describes how the results of the UNDP Gender Equality Strategy would be monitored.
UNDP. “UNDP Global Programme 2014-2017.” Human Rights Documents Online (2014): n. pag. 2014. Web. 11 July 2016. <http://www.undp.org/content/dam/jamaica/docs/researchpublications/general/GenderEqualityStrategy2014-17.pdf>.
USAID Gender Equality and Female Empowerment Policy
This document, which analyzes USAID’s policy on gender equality and female empowerment, first covers the gender disparities and how they compare in various regions across the globe. It also proposes ways to eliminate such disparities to create international peace and security. Written in 2012, this document examines gender disparities in education and the paid workforce, among other aspects, and discusses USAID’s policies for helping women participate in and benefit fully from the societies of which they are a part. It also outlines the implementation policies of different branches of USAID and the expected outcomes of the various portions of the policy. This article is directly related to peace and security because it discusses USAID’s vision and goals for creating better platforms for women worldwide through the addressing of gender disparities.
“USAID Gender Equality and Female Empowerment Policy” Gender and Social Policy (2012): n. pag. Web. 28 July 2016. <https://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1865/GenderEqualityPolicy_0.pdf>