On July 5, 2009, the Organization of American States (OAS) invoked Article 21 of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, suspending Honduras from active participation in the hemispheric body. The Organization of American States is an international organization, headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States. Its members are the thirty-four independent states of the Americas. Since 1948 the OAS has worked to bring together the nations of the Western Hemisphere to strengthen cooperation on democratic values, defend common interests and debate the major issues facing the region and the world. The unanimous decision to suspend Honduras was adopted as a result of the June 28 coup d’état that expelled President José Manuel Zelaya from office.
The coup began on June 26th, when the Supreme Court ordered the Honduran military to remove President Manuel Zelaya. Those who removed Zelaya, then quickly swore in Roberto Micheletti, the former president of the National Congress of Honduras. The international community, including the United Nations and the United States, has backed Zelaya. It is expected that Costa Rican President Oscar Arias, a Nobel Peace laureate, will serve as an international mediator between the two parties in the hopes of forging a diplomatic solution.