Causes of Food Insecurity

Water Deficits Growing in Many Countries

Water is an essential part of life; one example of this importance is that it is critical for growing crops. Since early this millennium, the planet has experienced water shortages which in turn cause less harvest for farmers. As examined by this article, the water deficit varies by country and has lasting effects far into the future of agriculture. Writer Lester R. Brown evaluates the causes of emergency water shortage, as well as its devastating effects on the world. It also provides statistics to those interested in the environmental portion of food insecurity.

Brown, Lester R.“Water Deficits Growing in Many Countries.” Great Lakes. 8 Sept 2002.3 Aug 2009.  http://www.greatlakesdirectory.org/zarticles/080902_water_shortages.htm

Food vs. Fuel: Diversion of Crops Could Cause More Hunger

Ethanol oil was produced in order to combat global warming and dependence on foreign oil, which seems like a viable solution. But there is a problem behind the idea. Ethanol is produced by corn and grain which, events have shown, would be better used feeding other people than creating an alternative to environmentally-harmful oil. In addition, the use of these crops to create biofuel inflated global food prices by 83% in 2007. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) stated that food prices rose 40% within 12 months. “Most of the 82 countries that import food are also net importers of oil,” says C. Ford Runge,,a professor of agricultural economics at the University of Minnesota. Therefore, this competition between food and fuel harms people who are already “in a world of hurt.” This report discusses the food crisis as it relates to individual countries as well as the global community.

Tenenbaum, David J. “Food vs, Fuel: Diversion of Crops Could Cause More Hunger.” Environmental Health Perspectives Online. 19 Apr 2009. 1 Jun 2009. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=2430252

Solving World Hunger Means Solving World Poverty

A major issue for food insecurity is poverty, which is heavily present in developing countries. Most believe hunger is an issue of supply and demand, but this blog post argues that the issue of hunger also lies with the poor who cannot afford to eat. Food is a human right, which means that just as anyone deserves freedom, they also deserve the right to food. In order to solve world hunger we must address the root cause: poverty.

Shah, Anup. “Solving World Hunger Means Solving World Poverty.” Global Issues. 15 June 2002. 1 July 2009. http://www.globalissues.org/article/8/solving-world-hunger-means-solving-world-poverty

WL Logo white on IPJ blueHará falta un 70% más de alimentos

Esto fue la conclusión de la Organización de Naciones Unidas después de una conferencia sobre seguridad alimentaría de dos días en Roma.  El objetivo del taller fue alcanzar “un acuerdo para la erradicación completa y rápida del hambre, de forma que todos los habitantes de la Tierra puedan disfrutar del más elemental de los derechos humanos: el derecho a la alimentación”. Además de una creciente escasez de recursos naturales como tierra y agua, “la agricultura mundial tendrá que hacer frente a las consecuencias del cambio climático, en especial el aumento de las temperaturas, una mayor variabilidad del régimen de lluvias y fenómenos climáticos extremos cada vez más frecuentes, entre ellos inundaciones y sequías”, alertó Jacques Diouf, el Director General de la FAO.

BBC Mundo. “Hará falta un 70% más de alimentos.” BBC Mundo. 12 Oct 2009. 14 Dec 2009. http://www.bbc.co.uk/mundo/economia/2009/10/091012_fao_informe_rg.shtml

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